Antarctic Ice Sheet Rests Over Meltwater Streams

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There are numerous landscapes resting under the deep sea level and across the poles that are untouched and yet to be discovered by humans on the planet Earth. Volcanoes have been discovered lurking under the oceans and now, researchers have come across beautiful and magnificent ice channels under the sheet of frozen ice.

Antarctica possesses the enormous ice channels underneath a floating ice shelf. If we talk about measurements, it would surpass the Eiffel Tower, said the research scientists. Team behind the study is hoping that this discovery would be a stepping-stone in determining the reaction of ice under shifting environmental conditions.

Images from satellites and airborne radar exposed the presence of channels under the ice shelf and on its surface. Researchers were able to make an intelligent guess to the path taken by the melting water under the huge iceberg.

Water flow initiates from the grounded ice sheet, which later forms these channels under the floating shelf of ice. When water starts melting from under the grounded ice sheet, to enter an ocean, it forms a plume which in turn gives rise to the melting out of the vast channels under the shelf.

Unlike a thin layer – as it was conventionally proposed – the flow of water is quite focused like that of a river, moving in one direction. It is because of this movement, the ice sheet is seen making a move hence, the movement of underneath water determines the speed of the entire ice sheet.

For future, the researchers, envision that the understanding the behavior of ice sheet and its contribution to sea level could be reached by determining how the under water system works. In the words of Dr Anne Le Brocq,

If we are to understand the behaviour of the ice sheet, and its contribution to changes in sea level, we need to fully understand the role of water at the base of the ice sheet. The information gained from these newly discovered channels will enable us to understand more fully how the water system works and, hence, how the ice sheet will behave in the future.

Landscapes of such order have been discovered before as well but then the phenomenon was thought to be an oceanic process and not the meltwater consequence. Such a finding would provide light to the entire water flowing process and its future implications with respect to land as well as ocean. After all, global warming alone is not responsible for melting of the ice sheets.

Credit: Phys.org

About Pooja Kashyap

A CPD certified Fitness Trainer, Pooja also likes to spend time reading and blogging the latest research and discoveries in science and how technology is shaping the world. Besides writing, she enjoys reviewing books and taking interviews of creative/innovative people. Currently, she is located in Noida, India, where she actively participates in marathons as well. She is also on Quora l Twitter and LinkedIn.